A desert is any location on Earth that receives less than ten inches of rain per year. … Hot deserts are extremely hot during the day and cold at night. There are many different kinds of deserts, including polar deserts, those with dunes, mountainous deserts, and deserts with diverse plant and animal life. They are dry areas that receive less than 250 mm of rain each year. Deserts can be hot or cold. They contain plants and animals that are specially adapted to these extremely dry conditions. Did you know that Antarctic Desert is the largest cold desert on Earth and Carcross Desert is the smallest desert on Earth .
They are teeming with all sorts of specialised plants and animals. The Sonora Desert alone boasts more than 500 species of birds, 130 species of mammals, more than 100 species of reptiles, and more than 2,500 plant species.
some examples of animals found in a desert are :-
1.) Xerocole – Most small xerocoles live in burrows to avoid the desert heat. … As such, they spend their nights in burrows or crevices, where they create warm environments by quickly generating metabolic heat.
2.) Desert lizards – A number of lizard species have adapted to life in the desert. Some desert lizards have toes fringed with spiny scales to help them run across the sand without sinking. Others burrow into the sand to escape the desert’s intense heat, to hide from predators, or to search for small animals that they prey upon.
3.) Camel – humps are made up of fat, not water. … During winters in the Sahara Desert, camels have been known to survive six or seven months without actually drinking [source: Lumpkin]. Granted, camels get liquid from the plants they eat during that dry spell, but it’s still an incredibly long time sans drinking water.
4.) coyote – When they get close enough to their prey, they will often pounce on it to catch it. As with most wild animals, coyotes benefit from their natural camouflage. … Coyotes that live in the desert regions have a lighter coat than coyotes that live in the cooler northern climates.
5.) kangaroo rat – Kangaroo rat tend to live in the desert flatlands, creosote flats, and the sandy soils of the desert washes. The rats burrow into the soil to better survive the sometimes harsh desert environment. Kangaroo rats are mostly seed eaters, eating mostly mesquite beans and grass seeds.
we got to know about types of animals , But what are the types of desert ??
there are four major types of desert :-
1.) Hot and dry deserts – as you can tell from the name, hot and dry. Most Hot and Dry Deserts don’t have very many plants. … A cold desert is a desert that has snow in the winter instead of just dropping a few degrees in temperature like they would in a Hot and Dry Desert. It never gets warm enough for plants to grow.
2.) Semiarid deserts – They can be found in North America, Europe, and northern Asia. These deserts are a lot like the hot and dry deserts. They have long, dry summers. They also receive little rain during the winters.
3.) Coastal deserts – Cold ocean currents contribute to the formation of coastal deserts. Air blowing toward shore, chilled by contact with cold water, produces a layer of fog. This heavy fog drifts onto land. Although humidity is high, the atmospheric changes that normally cause rainfall are not present.
4.)Cold desert – The Cold Desert, also known as the Katpana Desert or Biama Nakpo, is a high-altitude desert located near Skardu, northern Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. The desert contains expanses of large sand dunes that are sometimes covered in snow during winter. for examples Antarctica .
FUN FACTS ABOUT DESERT
1.) The Atacama Desert is commonly known as the driest nonpolar place in the world .
2.) Only around 20% of the deserts on Earth are covered in sand.
3.) Deserts generally receive less than 40cm (16in) of rain a year.
4.) The Arabian Desert in the Middle East is the second largest hot desert on Earth
5.) A lot of the animals that live in the desert are nocturnal.
6.) The word “Sahara” is the Arabic word for desert.
7.) Plants that store water in their stems are called succulents.