Butterfly

Butterflies are very pretty and they often have brightly coloured wings with unique patterns made up of tiny scales. … Birdwing butterflies have large, angular wings and fly in a similar way to birds.Butterflies are deep and powerful representations of life. Many cultures associate the butterfly with our souls. Around the world, people view the butterfly as representing endurance, change, hope, and life.Scientists estimate that there are between 15000 and 20000 different species of butterfly and around 750 species in the United States. Distinctive characteristics. Butterflies (and moths) are the only group of insects that have scales covering their wings, but some butterflies have reduced scales.

butterflies have something like a straw called Proboscis to suck nectar out of flowers. They fly from one flower to another, feeding on nectar and unknowingly assisting in pollination .Butterfly caterpillars almost all eat plant matter.

Overwintering monarch butterflies rely on a temperature-sensitive internal timer to wake them up to make the trip back north, researchers report.

Monarch Butterfly. The large and brilliantly – coloured monarch butterfly is among the most easily recognisable of the butterfly species that call North America home. They have two sets of wings and a wingspan of three to four inches. A cluster of butterflies is called a roost or a bivouac.

these were some species of butterflies . as we can see butterflies are very bright and beautiful insects.The blossoms that appear along this energetic vine are pink and fragrant, and they appear in late summer and autumn. pollinators are attracted to herbs.

some flowers that attract butterflies are :-

  • Phlox
  • coneflower
  • lantana
  • bluestar

some herbs that attracts butterflies are :-

  • Dill–Dill is an excellent host and nectar source for butterflies.
  • Fennel–Fennel is the companion plant to dill.
  • Parsley–Parsley is a wonderful host plant for butterflies.

the life cycle of a butterfly is :-

  1. Egg–Eggs are laid on plants by the adult female butterfly.

2. Caterpillar–The Feeding Stage. The next stage is the larva.

3. Pupa–The Transition Stage.

4. Adult–The Reproductive Stage.

parts of a butterfly are :-

wing veins –butterfly has four wings, two fore-wings and two hind-wings. They are attached to the second and third thoracic segments (the meso- and meta-thorax).

head- The butterfly’s head is the location of its feeding and sensory structures.

antenna-Antennae (singular antenna) are sensory appendages attached to the head of butterfliesAntennae are used for the sense of smell and balance. Butterflies have antennae with a small club at the end.

proboscis-During rest, the tube-like feeding structure of the butterfly, the proboscis remains coiled tightly against the head. However, when the butterfly moves to feed upon the nectar of a flower or something akin, the proboscis unfurls to extend downward into the flower’s centre.

thorax- The thorax is the locus for locomotion. The thorax is divided into three segments; on each segment is a pair of jointed legs. The four wings of the butterfly are also attached to the thorax. The thorax contains the muscles that make the legs and wings move beautifully.

legsButterflies have six jointed legs and each leg has six parts; coxa, trochanter, femur, tibia, tarsus, and pretarsus.

abdomen-The abdomen contains the butterfly simple, flexible, tube-like heart, Malpighian tubules, reproductive organs (claspers or ovipositors), many spiracles (breathing pores), and most of the digestive system.

wings-A butterfly has four wings – two on each side. They are broken into two fore-wings and two hind-wings. The wings are attached to the second and third thoracic segments (the meso- and meta-thorax).

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